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Old Uppsala was, according to medieval writer Adam of Bremen, the main pagan center of Sweden, and the Temple at Uppsala contained magnificent idols of the Aesir gods. As a replacement for the Scandinavian gods, Old Uppsala was made into a strong Christian center. In 1164 Old Uppsala was made into an archdiocese, with Stefan, a monk from Alvastra Abbey, being consecrated the first Archbishop of Uppsala and primate of Sweden. The present-day Uppsala was at that time known as Östra Aros and was a port town of Gamla Uppsala. In 1274, Östra Aros overtook Gamla Uppsala as the main regional center, and when the cathedral of Gamla Uppsala burnt down, the archbishopric was moved to Östra Aros, where the impressive Uppsala Cathedral was erected; it was inaugurated in 1435. The cathedral is built in the Gothic style and is one of the largest in northern Europe, with towers reaching 118.70 metres. Uppsala is the site of the oldest university in Scandinavia, founded in 1477. Carolus Linnaeus, one of the renowned scholars of Uppsala University, lived in the city for many years, and both his house and garden can still be visited. Uppsala is also the site of the 16th century Uppsala Castle. The city was severely damaged by a fire in 1702.
My trip to Uppsala was sponsored by the medical convention in Stockholm. We visited a hospital but I do not remember which one. After the hospital we visited Uppsala Castle for a few minutes. I don't think that we had time to tour the inside.
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