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DDachau concentration camp was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany. It was intended to hold political prisoners. It is located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria in southern Germany. Opened in 1933 by Heinrich Himmler, its purpose was enlarged to include forced labor, and eventually, the imprisonment of Jews, ordinary German and Austrial criminals, and eventually foreign nationals from countries which Germany occupied or invaded. It was finally liberated in 1945. Built for 5,000, the prisoner population reached 12,000 at one time. Records indicate that 206,206 prisoners were incarcerated there. Of these, 31,951 died. There is no indication of mass murder in the facility. A crematorium was used to dispose of the bodies.
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