Colosseum (crs)

Colosseum and Arch of Constantine
Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo, north face
Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo, Arch of Constantine
Colosseum
Colosseum from Via Cello Vibenna
Colosseum from Via Cello Vibenna
      
Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo, northwest face
Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo, northwest face
Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo, southwest face
Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo
Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo
Palantine Hill, Via Sacra, Arch of Titus, Temple of Venus and Rome
Looking from the Colosseum
      
Via Sacra, Arch of Titus, Temple of Venus and Rome
Looking from the Colosseum
Temple of Venus and Rome
Looking from the Colosseum
Colosseum
Piazza del Colosseo
Colosseum
Looking in
Colosseum
Looking in
Colosseum
Looking in
      
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Under the Arena Floor
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Under the Arena Floor
Colosseum
Under the Arena Floor
      
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Arena Floor
      
Colosseum
Southeast end
Colosseum
Northwest end
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Inside
      
Colosseum
Inside
Colosseum
Colosseum
A Place of Celebration
Colosseum
A Place of Celebration
Colosseum
A Place of Celebration
Colosseum
Via del Colosseo
      

 

Image/s: circa 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005  Accesses: 244

 

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Construction of the Colosseum began under the Emperor Vespasian in around 70.  The site chosen was a flat area on the floor of a valley between the Caelian, Esquiline and Palatine Hills which earlier was densely inhabited.  It was devastated by the Great Fire of Rome in 64, following which Nero seized much of the area.  He built the Domus Aurea on the site, in front of which he created an artificial lake.  After Nero, the lake was filled in and the land used as the location for the new Flavian Amphitheatre, the Colosseum.  Gladiatorial schools and other support buildings were constructed nearby.  The Colosseum can be interpreted as a triumphal monument built to celebrate Vespasian's victory in the Jewish Revolt of 70.  The decision to build the Colosseum on the site of Nero's lake was a political gesture returning an area of the city which Nero had appropriated to the people.  The building was inaugurated by Titus in 80.  It was eventually capable of seating 50,000 people.  Over 9,000 wild animals were killed during the inaugural games of the amphitheatre.  About 500,000 people and over a million wild animals died there.  In 217, the Colosseum was badly damaged by a fire.  It was not fully repaired until about 240 and underwent further repairs in 250 or 252 and again in 320.  A major earthquake occurred in 443; more work followed in 484 and 508.  The arena continued to be used for contests well into the 6th century, with gladiatorial fights reported around 435.  Animal hunts continued until at least 523.  By the late 6th century a small church had been built into the structure of the amphitheater.  The arena was converted into a cemetery.  The numerous vaulted spaces in the arcades under the seating were converted into housing and workshops, and were still being rented out as late as the 12th century.  Around 1200 the Frangipani family took over the Colosseum and fortified it.  Severe damage was inflicted by the great earthquake in 1349, causing the outer south side to collapse.  A religious order moved into the northern third of the Colosseum in the mid-14th century and continued to inhabit it until as late as the early 19th century.  The interior of the amphitheatre was extensively stripped of stone and the bronze clamps which held the stonework together were pried or hacked out of the walls.  In 1749, Pope Benedict XIV endorsed as official Church policy the view that the Colosseum was a sacred site where early Christians had been martyred.  He forbade the use of the Colosseum as a quarry and consecrated the building to the Passion of Christ and installed Stations of the Cross.  Later popes initiated various stabilization and restoration projects.  The fa├žade was reinforced and the interior was repaired.  The arena substructure was fully exposed under Benito Mussolini in the 1930s.

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 443, Last Accessed: 2017-09-20 09:15:26

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
All rights reserved.

Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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