Venice (crs)

Courtyard
Doge's Palace
On the Grand Canal
Gondola Ride
Canale di San Donato
Murano
Piazza San Marco
Piazza San Marco
Reflections
Reflections
Reflections
Reflections
      
City Views
City Views
City Views
City Views
City Views
City Views
City Views
Its not all old
City Views
From a water taxi
City Views
From a water taxi
      
City Views
Waiting
City Views
After Shopping
City Views
From the Hotel
City Views
The happy Gondolier
City Views
City Views
City Views,Gondola Station
Bacino Orseolo
      
City Views,Gondola Station
Bacino Orseolo
City Views
Just Walking Around
City Views
Just Walking Around
City Views
Just Walking Around
City Views
Just Walking Around

 

Image/s: circa 2003  Accesses: 240

 

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Historians think that the original population of Venice was comprised of refugees from Roman cities fleeing successive waves of Germanic invasions.  The Roman defenses were overthrown in the early 5th century by the Visigoths and, some 50 years later, by the Huns led by Attila.  The last and most enduring irruption was that of the Lombards in 568.  Settlement on the islands in the lagoon increased in correspondence with the Lombard conquest of the Byzantine territories.  In 775-776, the bishopric seat of Olivolo was created.  During the reign of duke Agnello Particiaco (811-827) the ducal seat was moved from Malamocco to the highly protected Rialto island.  The monastery of St. Zachary, the first ducal palace and the basilica of St. Mark were constructed.  In 828, the city's prestige was raised by the acquisition of the relics of St. Mark the Evangelist from Alexandria.  From the 9th to the 12th century Venice developed into a city state.  Its strategic position at the head of the Adriatic made Venetian naval and commercial power almost invulnerable.  Venice became an imperial power following the Fourth Crusade(1202-1204), which seized Constantinople in 1204, and established the Latin Empire.  They sacked the city and brought great quantities of booty back to Venice including the gilt bronze horses which were placed above the entrance to St Mark's cathedral.  The former Roman Empire was partitioned among the Latin crusaders and the Venetians.  Venice carved out a sphere of influence known as the Duchy of the Archipelago, and seized Crete.  Situated on the Adriatic Sea, Venice traded extensively with the Byzantine Empire and the Muslim world.  War was regarded as a continuation of commerce by other means.  Though the people of Venice generally remained Roman Catholics, the state of Venice was notable for its freedom from religious fanaticism and did not enact a single execution for religious heresy during the Counter-Reformation.  The German printing press spread rapidly throughout Europe in the 15th century, and Venice was quick to adopt it.  By 1482 Venice was the printing capital of the world.  Venice‚Äôs long decline started in the 15th century, when it first made an unsuccessful attempt to hold Thessalonica against the Ottomans (1423-1430).  She also sent ships to help defend Constantinople against the besieging Turks in 1453.  The Black Death devastated Venice in 1348 and once again in 1575,1577 and 1630.  Venice began to lose its position as a center of international trade during the later part of the Renaissance.

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 410, Last Accessed: 2017-11-12 15:53:39

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
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Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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