Ravenna (crs)

Ravenna
Our Hotel
Ravenna
From Our Hotel
Ravenna
Belfry of St Giovanni Battista
Ravenna
St Giovanni Battista
Ravenna
Belfry of St Giovanni Battista
Ravenna
Old City Walls
      
Ravenna
Ravenna
Dante's Tomb
Ravenna
Dante's Tomb
Ravenna
Dante's Tomb
Ravenna
Courtyard, Dante's Museum
Ravenna
Dante's Tomb
      
Ravenna
Piazza San Francesco
Ravenna
Palazzo della Provincia
Ravenna
Palazzo della Provincia
Ravenna, looking east
Piazza del Popolo
Ravenna, looking east
Piazza del Popolo
Ravenna
San Vitale
      
Ravenna
St. Apollenaris
S. Apollinare en Classe
S. Apollinare en Classe
S. Apollinare Nuovo
S. Apollinare Nuovo
San Vitale
San Vitale
Tomb of Galla Placidia
Tomb of Galla Placidia

 

Image/s: circa 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005  Accesses: 242

 

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Early Ravenna consisted of houses built on piles on a series of small islands in a marshy lagoon.  The Romans accepted it into the Roman Republic as a federated town in 89 BC.  In 49 BC, it was the location where Julius Caesar staged his forces before crossing the Rubicon.  In 31 BC, Emperor Augustus founded the military harbor of Classe.  Emperor Trajan built an aqueduct at the beginning of the 2nd century.  In 402, Emperor Honorius transferred the capital of the Western Roman Empire from Milan to Ravenna for defensive purposes.  In 476, the Western Roman Empire fell.  In 540 the Byzantine general Belisarius conquered Ravenna.  Ravenna became the seat of Byzantine government in Italy.  In the 6th-7th century Classe was the main harbor of the Italian Adriatic coast.  The Lombards occupied Ravenna in 712, but were forced to return it to the Byzantines.  In 751 the Lombard king, Aistulf, succeeded in conquering Ravenna, ending Byzantine rule in northern Italy.  King Pepin of France attacked the Lombards under orders of Pope Stephen II.  Ravenna then became a territory of the Papal States in 784.  In 1440 the city was annexed to the Venetian territories and was ruled by Venice until 1509.  In 1512 Ravenna was sacked by the French.  Apart from another short occupation by Venice between 1527 and 1529, Ravenna remained a Papal State until 1796, when it was annexed to the French puppet state of the Cisalpine Republic.  It was returned to the Papal States in 1814.  Ravenna became part of the unified Kingdom of Italy in 1861.

Note: all of our scheduled time was spent in the various churches. Ravenna is a much more interesting town than the time allotted.

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 407, Last Accessed: 2017-09-23 09:54:51

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
All rights reserved.

Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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