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Lucca was founded by the Etruscans and became a Roman colony in 180 BC. The rectangular grid of its historical center preserves the Roman street plan, the Piazza San Michele occupies the site of the ancient forum and the amphitheatre can still be seen in the Piazza dell'Anfiteatro. Lucca was an important city and fortress in the 6th century. It became prosperous through the silk trade that began in the 11th century. During the 10-11th centuries Lucca was the capital of the feudal margravate of Tuscany. After the death of Matilda of Tuscany, the city declared itself an independent commune, with a charter in 1160. For almost 500 years, Lucca remained an independent republic. Lucca painted the word Libertas on its banner until the French Revolution in 1789. In 1805, Lucca was taken over by Napoleon. After 1815 it became a Bourbon-Parma duchy, then part of Tuscany in 1847 and finally part of the Italian State. Its musical son's include Boccherini, Geminiani and Puccini.
Identifier: 401, Last Accessed: 2018-02-20 15:53:39
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