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The Samnite tribes of the Italian mainland founded the first civilization on the site of Herculaneum at the end of the 6th century BC. Then the town came under Greek control as a trading post. The Greeks named the city Herculaneum. In the 4th century BC, Herculaneum again came under the domination of the Samnites. The city remained under Samnite control until it became a Roman municipium in 89 BC. After the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79, the town of Herculaneum was buried under approximately 20 meters of lava, mud and ash. It lay hidden and nearly intact for more than 1600 years until it was accidentally discovered by some workers digging a well in 1709. The excavation process is still incomplete.
Identifier: 400, Last Accessed: 2018-01-16 16:48:43
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