Masada (crs)

Masada
Masada
Cable Car Station
Masada
Cable Car
Masada
Dead Sea
Masada
On the plateau
Masada
Looking southwest
      
Masada
Masada
Mosiacs
Masada
Wall Treatments
Masada
Wall Treatments
Masada
Wall Treatments
Masada
      
Masada
Roman catapult missiles
Masada
Roman ramp
Masada
Masada
Roman camp remains
Masada
Roman camp remains
Masada
Roman camp remains
      
Masada
Byzantine Gate
Masada
Mosaics, Western Palace
Masada
Western Palace
Masada
Masada
Masada
Western Palace Bath
      
Masada
North from the Western Palace
Masada
Entrance, Southern Cistern
Masada
Southern Cistern
Masada
Masada
Masada
      
Masada
Synagogue
Masada
Synagogue
Masada
Hanging Palace of Herod
Masada
Middle and Lower Terraces
Masada
Lower Terrace
Masada
Lower Terrace
      
Masada
Lower Terrace
Masada
Lower Terrace
Masada
Roman Ramp
Masada
Roman Ramp
Masada
My Guide, Middle Terrace
Masada
Wall Treatments
      
Masada
Storerooms
Masada

 

Image/s: circa 2000  Accesses: 302

 

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Jewish historian, Herod the Great fortified Masada between 37 and 31 BC.  In 66, at the beginning of the First Jewish War against the Roman Empire, a group of Jewish extremists, the Sicarii, overcame the Roman garrison of Masada and settled there.  In 72 the Roman governor of Judaea marched against Masada and laid siege to the fortress. After failing to breach the wall, they built a circumvallation wall and a ramp against the western face of the plateau.  The ramp was complete in the spring of 73.  It allowed the Romans to breach the wall of the fortress with a battering ram on April 16.  When they entered the fortress the Romans discovered that its 960 inhabitants had set all the buildings but the food storerooms ablaze and committed mass suicide rather than face certain capture.

Masada, located 1300 feet above the dead sea, has been fortified since the 2nd century BC. Herod the Great add 2 palace complexes. When Herod died it became the property of the Romans. It was captured by Zealots during the First Revolt in 66 AD. Defended by less than 1000 it was under siege for two years by 10,000 Romans until captured in 73 AD. During the siege, the mountain was ringed by 8 camps which can be seen today. The Romans attacked the fortress by building an earthen ramp with a tower on the top. The defenders committed mass suicide rather than surrender.

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 39, Last Accessed: 2017-11-13 22:39:12

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
All rights reserved.

Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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