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The city was founded by the Romans in 71 AD but archilogical evidence suggests that the area was inhabited from 8000 BC or 7000 BC. The Roman city was named Eboracum. Of interest in York are York Minister, the cathedral; Clifford's Tower, a keep; The Shambles, a group of narrow medieval streets; and the ruins of St Mary's Abbey. St. Mary's Abbey was destroyed during the Dissolution of Abbeys by Henry VIII around 1540. Hadrian, Septimius Severus, and Constantius I held court in York. When Constantius I died there in 306 the troops declared his son, Constantine the Great, emperor.
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