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The history of this city is so complex that I will not try for a brief synopsis. Instead here are few brief facts. See the Reference. Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and its largest city in both population and area. It consists of the Old City and its much larger modern inclusions. City history goes back to the 4th millennium BC. Jerusalem is the holiest city in Judaism, contains a number of significant Christian sites, and is considered the third-holiest city in Islam. Religion is almost palpable as one walks through the city. The Old City is home to sites of key religious importance, among them are the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the Mount of Olives, the Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque. In the course of its turbulent history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times. It remains a point of contention between the followers of the Jewish religion and Islam.
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