Agora (cmrs)

Agora
Agora
Agora from the Acropolis
Agora
Acropolis from the Agora
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
      
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
Agora
Temple of Hephaistos
      
Agora
Agora
Stoa of Attalos
Agora
Agora
Stoa of Attalos
Agora (Byzantine)
Church of the Holy Apostles
Agora
      
Agora
Agora
Agora
Agora
Agora
Agora
      
Agora
Agora
Agora
Agora
Agora
Agora
      

 

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The agora was probably laid out in the center of the city as a public space in the 6th century BC.  Earlier, a more primitive agora may have existed elsewhere in Athens.  The final site was located at the intersection of three existing roads with the Panathenaic Way, the main road in Athens.  It was organized by Peisistratus, who removed private houses from the agora, closed wells, and made it the center of Athenian government.  He also built a drainage system, fountains and a temple to the Olympian gods.  In the 5th and 4th century BC there were temples constructed to Hephaestus, Zeus and Apollo.  Starting in 480 BC, the Second Persian invasion of Greece caused many Athenians to flee the city, leaving it largely abandoned.  The city was almost completely destroyed, but the Athenians returned following the defeat of the Persians in 478, and the Agora was rebuilt.  There were no more major changes until the 2nd century BC when the east and south sides of the square were remodeled by wealthy foreign rulers.  After an unsuccessful alliance with King Mithridates VI of Pontus in 86 BC, the fortified walls of Athens were heavily damaged.  They were never rebuilt to their full previous strength.  The Agora remained the center of Athens until 267 AD, when it was once again sacked, this time by invading Heruli; the weakened perimeter wall was not a sufficient defense.  After fighting had ravaged much of the city, the Athenians quickly reconstructed the wall, but enclosed a much smaller area.  The agora and the acropolis were left on the outside of the wall and were susceptible to further damage.  This reconstructed wall is of great archaeological importance because it contains pieces of ruined buildings including Hadrian's Library and the Stoa of Attalos.  This event is documented by Dexippus, a historian and statesman from Athens.  In 529, Pagan philosophical schools were closed by Justinian.  After centuries of periodic barbarian invasion, the agora was abandoned after the Slavic invasion of the 6th century.

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 355, Last Accessed: 2017-11-14 15:23:33

 

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Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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