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The first mosaics were discovered purely by chance during the building of the new permanent dwellings. The Map of Madaba mosaic was discovered in 1896 and the findings were published a year later. The Church of the Map was built during the Byzantine-Umayyad period. The Map is an index map of the region, dating from the 6th century, preserved in the floor of the Greek Orthodox Basilica of Saint George. With two million pieces of colored stone, the map depicts hills and valleys, villages and towns in Palestine and the Nile Delta. The mosaic contains the earliest extant representation of Byzantine Jerusalem, labeled the "Holy City." The map provides important details of its 6th century landmarks, with the cardo, or central colonnaded street and the Holy Sepulchre clearly visible. This map is one key in developing scholarly knowledge about the physical layout of Jerusalem after its destruction and rebuilding in the year 70.
Identifier: 33, Last Accessed: 2018-02-20 15:41:34
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