Jerash (cmrs)

Hippodrome from the south
Hippodrome
Hadrian's Gate
Hadrian's Gate
Hadrian's Gate, Detail
Hadrian's Gate, Detail
Hippodrome, east side
Hippodrome
Hippodrome, Vendor Stall
Hippodrome
The Site, Hippodrome east wall to the left
The Site
      
South Gate
South Gate
South Gate Detail
South Gate Detail
South Gate Detail
South Gate Detail
South Gate
South Gate
Temple of Zeus, Side Entrance
Temple of Zeus
Oval Forum
Oval Forum
      
Oval Forum Detail
Oval Forum Detail
Oval Forum Detail
Oval Forum Detail
School Children
School Children
School Children
School Children
Temple of Zeus and South Gate
Temple of Zeus
Temple of Zeus and South Theater
Temple of Zeus
      
Temple of Zeus
Temple of Zeus
Cardo
Cardo
Oval Forum
Oval Forum
Oval Forum
Oval Forum
Cardo
Cardo
Cardo
Cardo
      
School Trip
School Trip
Cardo
Cardo
South Tetrapylon, Remains
South Tetrapylon
South Tetrapylon, Remains
South Tetrapylon
South Tetrapylon, looking north west
South Tetrapylon
South Tetrapylon
South Tetrapylon
      
South Tetrapylon
South Tetrapylon
South Tetrapylon, detail
South Tetrapylon
At the South Tetrapylon
At the South Tetrapylon
Cardo, looking south west
Cardo
Cardo, Detail
Cardo, Detail
Cardo, Cathedral
Cardo, Cathedral
      
Cathedral Entrance
Cathedral Entrance
Cathedral Entrance
Cathedral Entrance
Cathedral Entrance
Cathedral Entrance
Cathedral, Detail
Cathedral, Detail
Cardo, looking north east
Cardo
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
      
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Nymphaeum
Along the Cardo
Along the Cardo
      
Along the Cardo
Along the Cardo
Artemis Steps
Artemis Steps
Artemis Steps
Artemis Steps
Artemis Steps
Artemis Steps
Artemis Steps
Artemis Steps
Cardo
Cardo
      
Cardo
Cardo
North Tetrapylon
North Tetrapylon
North Tetrapylon
North Tetrapylon
North Tetrapylon
North Tetrapylon
Along the Cardo
Along the Cardo
Along the Cardo
Along the Cardo
      
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
The Stage
The Stage
Seating
Seating
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
      
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
Behind the Stage
Behind the Stage
From the Wings
From the Wings
      
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
North Theater
      
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
North Treater and North Tetrapylon
North Treater
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
      
Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Jerash
Jerash
Jerash
Jerash
Jerash
      
Church fo St. Theodore
Church fo St. Theodore
Jerash
Church of St.Theodore
Church of St.Theodore
Oval Forum
Oval Forum
Jerash
Jerash
      
Jerash
Jerash
Oval Forum
Oval Forum
South Theater
South Theater
South Theater
South Theater
Temple of Zeus
Temple of Zeus
      
Temple of Zeus
Temple of Zeus
Oval Forum
Oval Forum
Temple of Zeus
Temple of Zeus
Temple of Zeus
Temple of Zeus
School Children
School Children

 

Image/s: circa 2005  Accesses: 518

 

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Symbolic Gate

Jerash is known for the ruins of the Greco-Roman city of Gerasa, also referred to as Antioch on the Golden River.  It is sometimes misleadingly referred to as the "Pompeii of the Middle East or Asia", referring to its size, extent of excavation and level of preservation (though Jerash was never buried by a volcano).  Jerash is considered one of the most important and best preserved Roman cities in the Near East.  It was a city of the Decapolis.  Jerash was the home of Nicomachus of Gerasa (Greek: Νικόμαχος) (c. 60 – c. 120) one of the greatest mathematicians in human history.  Nicomachus of Gerasa is known for his works Introduction to Arithmetic (Arithmetike eisagoge), The Manual of Harmonics and The Theology of Numbers, as well as many other books.  His most famous book Introduction to Arithmetic was written using Arabic numbers, and was subsequently translated into Roman numbers.  This book remained a standard mathematics textbook for more than a thousand years.  Map of the Decapolis showing location of Gerasa (Jerash) Arch of HadrianRecent excavations show that Jerash was already inhabited during the Bronze Age (3200 BC - 1200 BC).  After the Roman conquest in 63 BC, Jerash and the land surrounding it were annexed by the Roman province of Syria, and later joined the Decapolis cities.  In AD 90, Jerash was absorbed into the Roman province of Arabia, which included the city of Philadelphia (modern day Amman).  The Romans ensured security and peace in this area, which enabled its people to devote their efforts and time to economic development and encouraged civic building activity.  In the second half of the first century AD, the city of Jerash achieved great prosperity.  In AD 106, the Emperor Trajan constructed roads throughout the provinces and more trade came to Jerash.  The Emperor Hadrian visited Jerash in AD 129-130.  The triumphal arch (or Arch of Hadrian) was built to celebrate his visit.  A remarkable Latin inscription records a religious dedication set up by members of the imperial mounted bodyguard "wintering" there.  The city finally reached a size of about 800,000 square metres within its walls.  The Persian invasion in AD 614 caused the rapid decline of Jerash.  However, the city continued to flourish during the Umayyad Period, as shown by recent excavations.  In AD 749, a major earthquake destroyed much of Jerash and its surroundings.  During the period of the Crusades, some of the monuments were converted to fortresses, including the Temple of Artemis.  Small settlements continued in Jerash during the Ayyubid, Mameluk and Ottoman periods.  Excavation and restoration of Jerash has been almost continuous since the 1920s.  There are a large number of striking monuments located in Jerash: the Corinthium column, Hadrian's Arch, a circus/hippodrome, two immense temples (to Zeus and Artemis), the nearly unique oval Forum, which is surrounded by a fine colonnade, a long colonnaded street or cardo, two theatres (the Large South Theatre and smaller North Theatre), two baths, a scattering of small temples and an almost complete circuit of city walls.  Most of these monuments were built by donations of the city's wealthy citizens. From AD 350, a large Christian community lived in Jerash, and between AD 400-600, more than thirteen churches were built, many with superb mosaic floors.  A cathedral was built in the fourth century.  An ancient synagogue with detailed mosaics, including the story of Noah, was found beneath a church. mosaic at the Chistian Church.  Today the ruins of Jerash are thoroughly excavated and excellently preserved.  This has led to a nickname, the "Asian Pompeii."

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 31, Last Accessed: 2017-11-18 13:38:07

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
All rights reserved.

Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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