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Jaipur, with more than 3 million people, is the capital of Rajasthan. Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II who ruled from 1699-1744. His initial capital was Amber but he felt the need to move his capital city because of increasing population and growing scarcity of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India. Vidyadar Bhattacharya designed the city and many of its major buildings including the Royal Palace. The construction of the city started in 1727. It took around 4 years to complete the major palaces, roads and square. The city was fortified with walls and seven gates.
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