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Delhi one of the largest metropolis in the world by population with more than 12.25 million inhabitants in the territory and with over 15.9 million inhabitants in the region. Located on the banks of the River Yamuna, Delhi has been continuously inhabited since at least the 6th century BC. After the rise of the Delhi Sultanate, Delhi emerged as a major political, cultural and commercial city along the trade routes between northwest India and the Indo-Gangetic plains. Delhi served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1649 to 1857. After the British East India Company gained control of India during the 18th and 19th centuries, Calcutta became their capital. George V moved it back to Delhi in 1911. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s. When India gained independence from British rule in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government. New Delhi houses federal government buildings including the Parliament of India.
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