Red Square (crs)

On the way
Synadol Printing House
On the way
Synadol Printing House
On the way
Synadol Printing House
On the way
Synadol Printing House
On the way
Synadol Printing House
On the way
Synadol Printing House
      
On the way
Synadol Printing House
On the way
Synadol Printing House
Hisorical Museum, Kazan Cathedral
Nicholas' Tower
Hisorical Museum, Kazan Cathedral
Nicholas' Tower
Red Square
Nicholas' Tower
Red Square
Nicholas' Tower
      
Red Square
Kazan Cathedral
Red Square
Historical Museum
Arsenal Tower, Resurrection Gate
Historical Museum
Red Square
Historical Museum
Red Square
Historical Museum
Red Square
Historical Museum
      
Red Square
Historical Museum
Red Square
Historical Museum
Red Square
Resurrection Gate
Red Square
Resurrection Gate
Red Square
Resurrection Gate
Red Square
Resurrection Gate
      
Red Square
Resurrection Gate
Red Square
Red Square
St. Basil's Cathedral
Red Square
Red Square
Spasskaya Tower
Red Square
Spasskaya Tower
      
Red Square
Marshal Georgy Zhukov
Red Square
Resurrection Gate
Red Square
Marshal Georgy Zhukov
Red Square
Arnesal Tower
Red Square
St. Nicholas' Tower
Red Square Towers
St. Nicholas' & Spasskaya
      
Red Square
Manezhnaya Ploshchad
Red Square
St. Basil's Cathedral
Red Square
Red Square
Red Square
Military Memorials
World War II
      
Military Memorials, Fallen for their Country, 1941 - 1945
World War II
Military Memorials
World War II
Military Memorials, Middle Arsenal Tower, Trinity Tower
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Military Memorials
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Military Memorials, Trinity Tower
Military Memorials
      
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Military Memorials
Red Square
GUM anfd Concert Setup
Red Square
GUM anfd Concert Setup
      
Red Square
GUM anfd Concert Setup
Red Square, Lenin Mausoleum, Spasskaya Tower
St. Basil's Cathedral
Red Square, Lenin Mausoleum
Spasskaya Tower
Red Square, Lobnoe Mesto
St. Basil's Cathedral
Red Square
Lobnoe Mesto
Red Square
Minin & Pozharskiy
      
Red Square
Minin & Pozharskiy
Red Square
Red Square, Senate Tower, Nicholas' Tower
Lenin Mausoleum
Red Square, Nichcolas' Tower, Arsenal Tower
Lenin Mausoleum
Red Square, Senate Tower
Lenin Mausoleum
Red Square
Lenin Mausoleum
      

 

Image/s: circa 2006  Accesses: 397

 

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The east side of the Kremlin triangle, lying adjacent to Red Square and situated between the rivers Moskva and the now-underground Neglinnaya River was deemed the most vulnerable side of the Kremlin to attack.  The Italian architects involved in the building the Kremlin walls convinced Ivan the Great to clear the area outside of the walls in order to create a field of fire.  The relevant decrees were issued in 1493 and 1495.  In 1508-1516 a moat was constructed in front of the eastern wall.  It connected the Moskva and Neglinnaya Rivers.  Three square gates existed on this side of the wall: Konstantino-Eleninsky, Spassky, Nikolsky.  The square was called Veliky Torg (Great market).  Red Square was the trade center for Moscow.  After a fire in 1547, Ivan the Terrible reorganized wooden shops on the eastern side into market lines.  The streets Ilyinka and Varvarka were divided into the Upper lines (now GUM department store), Middle lines and Bottom lines.  Saint Basil's Cathedral, was built on the moat.  In 1595, wooden market lines were replaced with stone.  A brick platform for the proclamation of the tsar's edicts, known as Lobnoye mesto was constructed.  In 1624-1625 Spasskaya tower received its current roof.  The tent type roof was proposed by an Englishman, Christopher Galloway, to protect the tower's new clock.  On the top of the tower was a gilded double-headed eagle.  After this, the square became known as Krasnaya - "beautiful or red".  In the late 17th century the square was cleared of all wooden structures.  All Kremlin towers received tent type roofs, except Nikolskaya.  Catherine the Great made improvements to the square.  In 1786, second floors were added to the market lines.  The architect Matvey Kazakov built a new Lobnoye mesto of hewn stone.  In 1804, at the request of merchants, the square was paved in stone.  In 1806 Nikolskaya Tower was reconstructed in the Gothic style and received a tent roof.  The moat was filled in 1813 and in its place, rows of trees were planted.  In 1818 the Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, was erected.  In 1874 the Imperial Historical Museum was constructed.  In 1892 the square was illuminated by electric lanterns.  During the Soviet era, Red Square was the focal point for the new state.  It was renowned as a showcase for military parades.  Kazan Cathedral and Iverskaya Chapel with the Resurrection Gates were demolished to make room for heavy military vehicles driving through the square.  Both were rebuilt after the fall of the Soviet Union.  Two of the most significant military parades on Red Square were the one in 1941, when the city was besieged by Germans and troops were leaving Red Square straight to the front lines, and the Victory Parade in 1945, when the banners of defeated Nazi armies were thrown at the foot of Lenin's Mausoleum.  The Soviet Union held parades in Red Square for May Day, Victory Day, and the October Revolution.  In January 2008, Russia announced that they would resume parading military vehicles through Red Square.  In May 2008, Russia held its annual Victory day parade, marking the 63rd anniversary of the defeat of Nazi Germany.

On the day we visited Red Square the authorities were setting up for a concert. Because of this, we were not allowed to walk on the square and we were not allowed to take cameras near Lenin's Tomb.

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 178, Last Accessed: 2017-11-07 17:23:57

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
All rights reserved.

Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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