Peter and Paul Fortress (crs)

Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress
      
Peter and Paul Fortress
St. Peter's Gate
Peter and Paul Fortress
Engineer's House
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Grand Ducal Burial Vault
Peter and Paul Fortress
The Mint
      
Peter and Paul Fortress
The Mint
Peter and Paul Fortress
The Mint
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
      
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
      
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress
Grand Ducal Burial Vault
Peter and Paul Fortress
Boat House
Peter and Paul Fortress
Boat House
      
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter and Paul Fortress

 

Item: circa 1703  Image/s: circa 2006  Accesses: 237

 

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The fortress was established by Peter the Great on May 27, 1703 on Hare Island by the north bank of the Neva River.  Built at the height of the Northern War in order to protect the capital, the fort never fulfilled its martial purpose.  The citadel was completed with six bastions in earth and timber within a year, and it was rebuilt in stone from 1706 to 1740.  From around 1720, the fort served as a base for the city garrison and also as a prison for high ranking or political prisoners.  The Trubetskoy bastion, rebuilt in the 1870s, became the main prison block.  In 1924, most of the site was converted to a museum.  The structure suffered heavy damage during the bombardment of the city during WW II by the Nazi German army who were laying siege to the city.  The fortress contains several notable buildings clustered around the Peter and Paul Cathedral (1712-1733).  The cathedral is the burial place of all Russian tsars from Peter I to Alexander III.  The remains of the Imperial martyrs, Nicholas II and his family and entourage were interred there in St. Catherine's Chapel on July 17, 1998.  The newer Grand Ducal Mausoleum built in 1896-1908 is connected to the cathedral by a corridor.  Other structures inside the fortress include the still functioning mint building, the Trubetskoy and Alekseyevsky bastions with their grim prison cells, and the city museum.  According to a centuries-old tradition, a cannon is fired each noon from the Naryshkin Bastion.  The sandy beaches underneath the fortress walls are among the most popular in St. Petersburg.

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 160, Last Accessed: 2017-07-25 11:27:13

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
All rights reserved.

Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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