Bosphorus (crs)

Bosphorus, Our Boat
Bosphorus, Suleymaniye Mosque
Bosphorus, New Mosque
New Mosque
Bosphorus, Off We Go
Bosphorus, Suleymaniye Mosque
Suleymaniye Mosque
Bosphorus, Galata Tower
Galata Tower
      
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Golden Horn
Golden Horn
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Dolmabahce Mosque
Dolmabahce Mosque
      
Bosphorus, Dolmabahce Palace
Dolmabahce Palace
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Dolmabahce Palace
Dolmabahce Palace
Bosphorus, Dolmabahce Palace
Dolmabahce Palace
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Ciragan Palace
Ciragan Palace
      
Bosphorus, Ciragan Palace
Ciragan Palace
Bosphorus, Ciragan Palace
Ciragan Palace
Bosphorus, Ciragan Palace
Ciragan Palace
Bosphorus, Ciragan Palace
Ciragan Palace
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Ciragan Palace
Ciragan Palace
      
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Mecidiye Mosque
Mecidiye Mosque
Bosphorus, Medcidiye Mosque
Mecidiye Mosque
      
Bosphorus, Mecidiye Mosque
Mecidiye Mosque
Bosphorus, Mecidiye Mosque
Mecidiye Mosque
Bosphorus, Mecidiye Mosque
Mecidiye Mosque
Bosphorus, Modest Yalis
Modest Yalis
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
      
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Bosphorus Bridge
Bosphorus, Yalis
Yalis
Bosphorus, Yalis
Bosphorus, Yalis
Bosphorus, Kuleli Military School and Traveling Companions
Kuleli Military School
      
Bosphorus, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge
Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
      
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus, Fortress of Europe
Fortress of Europe
Bosphorus, An International Waterway
Bosphorus, Fortress of Europe
Fortress of Europe
Bosphorus
      
Bosphorus, Fortress of Europe
Fortress of Europe
Bosphorus, An Old Style Yali
An Old Style Yali
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
      
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
Bosphorus
      
Bosphorus, Rumeli Kavagi
Rumeli Kavagi
Bosphorus, Lunch Time
Bosphorus, Entrance to the Black Sea
Entrance to the Black Sea

 

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The Bosphorus or Bosporus, also known as the Istanbul Strait, is a strait that forms part of the boundary between the European part of Turkey (Thrace) and its Asian part (Anatolia).  It is one of the Turkish Straits, along with the Dardanelles.  The world's narrowest strait used for international navigation, it connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara (which is connected by the Dardanelles to the Aegean Sea, and thereby to the Mediterranean Sea).  It is approximately 19 miles long, with a maximum width of 12,139 feet at the northern entrance, and a minimum width of 2,297 feet between Kandilli and Aşiyan; and 2,461 feet between Anadoluhisarı and Rumelihisarı.  The depth varies from 118 to 407 feet in midstream.  The shores of the strait are heavily populated as the city of Istanbul is on both sides.  Two bridges cross the Bosporus.  The first, the Bosphorus Bridge, is 3,524 feet long and was completed in 1973.  The second, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, is 3,576 feet long, and was completed in 1988 about 3 miles north of the first bridge.  Plans for a third road bridge have been approved by the Ministry of Transportation.  As the only passage between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, the Bosporus has always been of great commercial and strategic importance.  The Greek city-state of Athens in the 5th century BC, dependent on grain imports from Scythia, maintained critical alliances with cities which controlled the straits, such as the Megarian colony Byzantium.  The strategic significance of the strait was one of the factors in the decision of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great to found Constantinople there in 330.  On May 29, 1453 it was conquered by the emerging Ottoman Empire.  As the Ottoman Turks closed in on Istanbul, they constructed a fortification on each side of the strait, Anadoluhisarı (1393) and Rumelihisarı (1451).

Reference/s: Wikipedia

Identifier: 128, Last Accessed: 2017-11-18 01:58:41

 

Copyright: © A. O. Newberry & Co. 2007-2017
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Last Modified: Fri Jul 29 2016 09:10:20.

 

 



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